research around home destruction vs. home survival in wildfires point to embers and small flames as the main way that the majority of homes ignite in wildfires. experiments, models and post-fire studies have shown homes ignite due to the condition of the home and everything around it, up to 200’ from the foundation. learn more about how wildfires spread and ignite home in our online course understanding the wildfire threat to homes. the concept of the home ignition zone was developed by retired usda forest service fire scientist jack cohen in the late 1990s, following some breakthrough experimental research into how homes ignite due to the effects of radiant heat.
the home and the area 0-5’ from the furthest attached exterior point of the home; defined as a non-combustible area. science tells us this is the most important zone to take immediate action on as it is the most vulnerable to embers. 5-30’ from the furthest exterior point of the home. landscaping – the goal here is not to eliminate fire but to interrupt fire’s path and keep flames smaller and on the ground.
do you have the tools and know-how to keep your family and pets safe if a house fire occurs or you get caught in a wildfire? you should have a fire extinguisher on every level of your home, including the basement and garage, and an extra one in the kitchen. if you have to use your fire extinguisher, remember to aim low (toward the base of the fire), squeeze the lever slowly and evenly, and sweep back and forth. go outside and make sure you can easily see your house number from the street. to operate your fireplace and wood stove safely and reduce the risk of a house fire, the nfpa recommends you clean your chimney each year. if you have to leave the house, make sure the fire is completely out before you go. if your furnace runs on natural gas, have it serviced annually by a licensed heating, ventilation, and air conditioning professional to ensure all the pipes and fittings are in good condition.
in addition to practicing your evacuation plan with your kids, you also need to teach them to “stop, drop, and roll” if their hair or clothing catches fire and help them practice the technique. it can also splatter the grease and cause the fire to spread. next, take pictures and make a video of everything in your home and on your property. before you fill your fryer with oil, put the turkey in and add enough water to cover it. you can also invest in an oil-less turkey fryer, like the char-broil big easy oil-less turkey fryer, for a safer and healthier way to cook your turkey. to reduce the risk of fire, keep candles a safe distance of 12 inches or more from anything that can burn and never use them to light or decorate a christmas tree. simple steps like preparing an evacuation plan and practicing with your kids go a long way to ensuring they know what to do and how to get out if a fire occurs.
practice escaping from your home at least twice a year. press the smoke alarm test button or yell “fire“ to alert everyone that they must get out. fire safety tips make digital copies of valuable documents and records like birth certificates. sleep with your bedroom door closed. keep a keep all flammables, like paper, clothing, bedding, drapes or rugs, at least 3 feet from a space heater, stove or fireplace never leave portable heaters and, .
install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas. test smoke alarms every month. if they’re not working, change the batteries. talk with all family members about a fire escape plan and practice the plan twice a year. there are methods for homeowners to prepare their homes to withstand ember attacks and minimize the likelihood of flames or surface fire touching the home you should have a fire extinguisher on every level of your home, including the basement and garage, and an extra one in the kitchen. install your fire, .
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